about kerala
 
Location
Southwestern tip of India
Area
38,863 sq.km
Population
30 Million
Capital
Thiruvanathapuram (Trivandrum)
Language
Malayalam ; English is widely spoken
Religion
Hindu, Christian, and Muslim
Time
GMT + 5:30
Climate
Tropical Summer: February – May (24-33 oC)
Monsoon: June- September (22-28 oC)
Winter: October- January (22-32 oC) Today’s weather :
information about kerala

Introduction

kathakali kerala The ancient history of Kerala is shrouded in the mists of tradition. The most popular legend would have it that the land crust that forms the State was raised from the depths of the ocean. Parasurama, the Brahmin avatar (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu, had waged an epic series of vengeful wars on the Kshatriyas. There came a moment when Parasurama was struck by remorse at the wanton annihilation he had wrought.
He offered severe penance atop the mountain heights. In a mood of profound atonement, the sage heaved his mighty axes into the midst of the distant ocean. The waves foamed and frothed as a prawn-shaped land extending from Gokarnam to Kanyakumari surfaced from the nd hence the sobriquet - "Gods own Country".

Travel Tips

Visa All foreign nationals require a visa for entry in to India. Please obtain the visa prior to your arrival Money: Major foreign currencies are easily exchangeable. Credit Cards: Visa, Master, American Express cards are mostly accepted by hotels, restaurants, travel agents, shopping centers.
Banks Working hours from 10.00- 14.00 Hrs. Saturdays (10-12 Hrs). Sunday Holiday. Currency: Indian Rupee
Travel kit Cotton outfits, hats, sunglasses, sun lotion etc… Food: All standard restaurants offer a variety of cuisines are including Indian, International, and typical Kerala fare.
Transport Public & Private buses, Trains, Auto Rikshas(Three wheelers), Ferry boats, Motorbikes, Cars etc
Air There are three international airports in the state. They are at Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode and Nedumbassery (Kochi) operates international flights and domestic flights
Road and Rail The state is well connected by rail and road
Seaports Major Kochi Minor : Beypore (Kozhikode), Alappuzha, Kollam,Vizhinjam(Kovalam)
Best Beaches Kovalam, Varkala, Alappuzha, Fort Kochi, Kappad and Beka
Major Wild Life Sanctuaries Thekkady (Periyar), Parambikkulam, Wayanad, Silent Valley, Aralm, Peechi-Vazhani, Chimani, Shenduruny, Idukki, Chinnar, Peppara, Neyyar.
Bird Sanctuary Thattekad, Kumarakom
Major Hill Stations Ponmudi, Peerumade, Thekkady, Munnar and Wayanad
Farm / Cash Crops Rubber, Coffee, Tea, Spices, Pepper, Cashew, Coconut, Arecanut and rice

People

people of keralaA state with 100% literacy, world standards of health, and a hard working, determined, dedicated population is always setting standards in almost all the spheres of its activity. In more modern times the Keralites have migrated in large numbers in search of employment to several foreign countries like United States, Malaysia and Singapore in South East Asia as well as to several countries of Africa and West Asia. The professionals of Kerala are among the most wanted experts in the fields of medicine, Information Technology etc

Culture

Among the people who have enriched Indian Cultural Heritage and helped the cause of national integration, the people of the Kerala region of South India have a place of honour. Kerala culture is, in fact, an integral part of Indian culture. Kerala like the Indian subcontinent can claim to have a culture the history of which runs into the dim recesses of antiquity. Kerala's culture is also a composite and cosmopolitan culture to which several people and races have made their significant contributions. The gradual evolution of composite and cosmopolitan culture led to the emergence of a spirit of tolerance and catholicity of outlook, which still persist among the people of Kerala. Its history unfolds the romantic and fascinating story of a unique process of cultural synthesis and social assimilation. In response to every challenge Kerala has demonstrated through the ages its genius for adaptation and fusion of old traditions and new values in every sphere of human thought and endeavour. The culture of Kerala has persisted through the ages precisely for the reasons of antiquity, unity, continuity and universality of its nature. In its widest sense it embraces the highest achievements of the human spirit in every sphere of life. Thus, in its totality, it represents the quintessence of the collective achievements of a people in the fields of religion and philosophy, language and literature, art and architecture, education and learning and economic and social organisation. In fact, all through its history the genius of Kerala has blossomed forth in all its vigour and vitality and has helped its people to reach the peak of excellence in all their endeavours

Language and Literature

Malayalam as a distinct language had its origin in the ninth century AD. Till then the people on either side of the Western Ghats spoke the same language with dialectal variations within itself. There is general agreement among ethnologists that the first component of the word, viz., 'mala' means hill or mountain, but in regard to the second component, viz.,'alam' there is a difference of opinion. According to one view the word is identical with 'azham', meaning "sea" or "deep", which would make Malayalam the land lying between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea. In the other view Malayalam means "a land abounding in hills".The earliest literary works in Malayalam are believed to have been the folk songs and ballads of popular origin. Kerala scholars have by their learned works enriched the diverse branches of Art and Science. Histrionics, Dance, Music, Mimamsa, Philosophy, Tantra, Architecture, Grammar, Mathematics, Astronomy, Astrology, and Medicine are some of those fields, which have been enriched by the literacy contributions of Kerala.

Social Heritage

The coming of the European powers gave a boost to the economy of Kerala in certain fields and this also heFort in keralalped the gradual emergence of a new economic order. The Portuguese, the Dutch, and the British have contributed to the economic development of the state. Kerala's participation in the freedom struggle is also significant. There were a number of social and religious movements in Kerala, the contributions of Chattampi Swamikal and Sri Narayana Guru are important in this context. Improvement of intercaste relations, movement of Christian unity, Indianisation of the Church, Muslim reform movements and Land reforms in the state have made significant improvement in the social and cultural heritage.

Religion

religional festivalsKerala is known for its communal harmony and it is achieved by Kerala's interaction with varied cultures and ways of life, both indigenous and foreign. Originally its people followed the Dravidian way of life and religious practice. In due course many indigenous religions and philosophical systems from North India made their appearance on Kerala soil and competed with one another for the loyalties of the people. The story of the synthesis of Dravidian and Aryan cultures and the rise and fall of religions like Jainism and Buddhism in ancient Kerala are of particular interest to those engaged in the study of the story of cultural synthesis. At the same time Kerala's commercial contacts with foreign countries, world religions like Christianity, Judaism and Islam were also introduced and they helped considerably in shaping the composite culture of the land.